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Electric Car Buyers’ Dictionary

​Looking to buy a used electric car for the first time? Here’s our dictionary of keywords to help you make the switch.​

AC and DC charging

Alternating Current (AC) is a form of electrical current where positive and negative sides are constantly switched periodically. AC power can travel further than DC power, which is why the National Grid uses it to power our homes. All electric cars can be charged from an AC socket - usually at 7kW from a home wallbox. Direct Current (DC) allows for much faster charging (up to 350kW), but this can only be done at a rapid charger.

Battery Size

Measured in kWh, the total capacity of the vehicle’s battery

Body style

The style of the vehicle, for example hatchback, estate, SUV etc

Full charge

Amount of time it takes to fully charge your car from empty to full on a 7kW home wallbox charger. Charging via a three-pin plug will take considerably longer.


A kilowatt (kW) reflects the rate of electricity usage. Electric car charger outputs are measured in kW.


A kilowatt-hour (kWh) reflects the total amount of electricity used. Electric car battery capacities are measured in kWh. 1kWh is the amount of energy used if a 1,000 watt appliance runs for an hour. A typical electric car will cover around 3-5 miles on 1kWh of energy.

Max Charge Rate

Measured in kW, this is the maximum speed at which a vehicle can be charged at a DC rapid public charger


The indicated total mileage the vehicle has covered from new

Number of doors

The number of doors, including a hatchback if fitted

Number of previous owners

The number of previous owners the vehicle has had

Number of seats

The number of seats available for use with seatbelts

Official Range

The official mileage range of the vehicle as measured under independent WLTP tests. Note, actual range will differ and is likely to be lower.

Quick charge

Amount of time it takes to charge your car from 10-80% at a rapid DC charger. Note that the charging speed may be limited by the power output of the charger. For example, if your car can accept a DC charge at 150kW and you connect to a 50kW charger, you will only charge at the lower speed. The figure shown is the quickest charge possible when connected to a charger with corresponding output.


The year in which the vehicle was first registered in the UK


Ultra Low Emission Zone: an area of a town or city where only vehicles with ultra-low or no CO2 emissions can travel without paying a fee.

Disclaimer: The vehicle specification data displayed is obtained from a third party database, and based on the vehicle’s make, model, series and variant, rather than the specific vehicle shown. Although we take care to maximise the accuracy of this data, we cannot guarantee an exact match for the vehicle listed. The data also does not account for any changes or modifications to the vehicle since it was manufactured. We strongly recommend that you confirm with the seller that the vehicle has all the features you are expecting before you agree to purchase the vehicle. The full review and ‘Ginny says’ comment may not be based on the exact derivative being sold by the Seller.
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